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Pine Ridge Sanctuary

6/5/2015 - here is a link to information on Pine Ridge Sanctuary and an interview that was done on us at one of the FLA (Forest Landowner's Association) yearly Conferences we have attended - http://forestamerica.org/caretakers/terry-and-barbara-glancy

THANK YOU FOR YOUR INTEREST -- Terry & Barbara Glancy

Conservation has been defined as "the management of human interaction with the variety of life forms and complexes in which they occur so as to provide the maximum benefit to the present generation while maintaining their potential to meet the needs and aspirations of future generations."  (W. V. Reid and K. R. Miller 1989). Inherent in this definition of conservation are the ideas that (1) man is a natural and integral part of the biosphere and (2) sustainable development is possible. Sustainable development is economic development that takes into account ecological and economic principles so that both economic growth and ecological systems can be maintained for an indefinite period of time.

I recently came across an excellent definition of “Ecological Restoration” on the USDA - US Forest Service website on Longleaf Pine Restoration and Hurricane Recovery ( www.srs.fs.usda.gov/longleaf/subunit/hurricane.html ).
“Ecological restoration does not mean returning an ecosystem to conditions that prevailed at an earlier time in history. Since the physical and biological characteristics of natural systems change through time, it is erroneous to select a former condition as an appropriate reference for restoration. Rather, ecological restoration is “an intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the recovery of an ecosystem with respect to its health, integrity and sustainability.” Restoration’s principal goal is to improve (and re-establish where necessary) the composition, structure and functions of an ecosystem, so that its productivity, diversity and many life-support processes or “ecosystem services” will be sustained to benefit present and future generations.” This definition clearly illustrates the work Barbara and I are putting into Pine Ridge Sanctuary.

Pine Rockland

"The popular image of Florida has little to do with forestry. Indeed, that styereotype is reflected in the sprawling development and theme parks of Orlando, the glitz and glamour of South Florida, the beaches along the Panhandle and the Gulf Coast, and the 24-hour party scene of Key West. How vast is Florida's forestland? Agriculture in all forms, including tree farming, is the state's second-leading industry. In September (2015) the state's department of agriculture released the results of an inventory of the Florida's nearly 17 million acres of forestland finding that the forest industry employs 80,700 Floridians and infuses $16.3 billion into the state's economy yearly. The nearly 17 million acresaccount for 47 percent of the state's land. Of that acreage, fourty-nine percent is pine and 45 percent mixed harwood-pine. Almost 90 percent of the state's 8.3 million acres of pine occur in North Florida. Nearly two-thirds of Florida forests are privatly owned. Federal, state, county and municipal governments own 34 percent of forestlands." ('Forest Landowner' FLA magazine January/February 2016). One never thinks of South Florida, where our Pine Ridge Sanctuary occurs, as an area to see Pinelands.

Miami-Dade Pine Rockland is one of the most globally endangered ecosystems containing the largest diversity of plants of any habitat type in Florida. Historically, the Pine Rockland ecosystem was about 9 miles wide by 27 miles long. Less than 1% of the original 192,000 acres still exists today in private ownership as fragmented isolated islands. This highly diverse ecosystem only occurs in Miami-Dade County. There are 114 separate fragmented parcels in private ownership comprising 680 acres (the average size is less than 5 acres) and 2,267 acres of publically owned lands outside of Everglades National Park.

Barbara and I purchased the 15 acres of critically endangered degraded Pineland in 1976 identified regionally as Pine Ridge Sanctuary and started to remove the exotics like Brazilian Pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius), Australian Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Woman’s Tongue (Albizia lebbeck), Burma Reed (Neyraudia reynaudiana), and Mangos using hypo-hatchet and basal spray herbicide along with spray applications for exotic Neyraudia and Natal grasses. In 2003, we purchased the 5 acre scarified farmland to the west of the Pine Rockland which includes and additional acre or so of Pine Rockland in order to provide a buffer to protect the Pineland. I have been restoring the derogated strip of Pineland on the other side of what had been our west fence line and had been used as a trash dump for years by various farmers. It is now an integral part of our ecosystem and has been through two prescribed burns to restore the oolitic limestone rock bed and allow the Pineland species to reintroduce themselves over time.

Pine RocklandMiami Rock Pineland elevation was historically high and would not flood, so it was a prime candidate for developmentthroughout our flood prone district. The 1948 development and use of a new tool called the rock plow allowed Miami Rock Pineland to be destroyed and the land was then developed for residential, agricultural row crop farming, nurseryand grove uses, as well as commercial and industrial buildings. Over the span of thirty years, Miami-Dade County haswitnessed the demise of a sensitive and unique natural landscape known today as the Miami Rock Pineland.

The Pine Rockland ecosystem is a fire climax plant community (pyrogenic plant community) which evolved with regular lightning-strike generated fires, usually during the end of the dry season (May). If fire is not introduced into the ecosystem, the pine overstory would be replaced with a dense hardwood hammock dominated by broadleaf tropical tree species and most of the biodiversity of the rock pineland would be lost. Today, the fires are produced through prescribed burning which occur about every 3 - 5 years. Fire helps to maintain the 200 plus plant species which includes 20 Endemics and 28 Endangered / Threatened plant species on our property. The plant material which grows on this low to medium fertility substrate loss of habitatevolved woody bark(example: Pinus elliottii var. densa) or underground tubers or rhizomes (examples: Chamaesyce deltoidea subsp. pinetorum and Ipomoea microdactyla) to survive the periodic fires and periods of vegetative overcrowding,waiting for the next possiblefire. "Conservation of this unique habitat type through the manipulation of fire will be the main tool used to continue to meet the primary objectives of preservation of biological integrity and aesthetic enhancement. Burns have typically alternated between winter and summer seasons on a three year burn rotation. Historically, winter burns had been preferred by the Divisionof Forestry (DOF), but more recent research suggests that naturally occurring summer burns are more advantageous." 1

We introduced prescribe burning into the property with the Florida Division of Forestry in 1979. Virtually all of SouthFlorida’s endemic plants are fire adapted. Since that time, we have tried to burn the ecosystem every 3 - 5 years depending upon personnel availability, weather, and budget constraints. Our 9th prescribed burn was performed just one and a half months before the Forest Stewardship tour that is planned for January 21st, 2012. Terry and Barbarabecame certified prescribe burners in 1991 to more fully understand the science behind prescribed fires.

Pine RocklandPine Ridge Sanctuary was one of the first properties to enter into covenant with Miami-Dade County with Chapter 25B and the Environmentally Endangered Land(EEL) Program in 1983 and has had a Natural Forest Community (NFC) classification since 1984. In 1989 Pine Ridge Sanctuary was listed with the Nature Conservancy’s Florida Natural Areas Registry Agreement Program. The Conservancy registers properties with habitats that are either considered rare or unique or have other special characteristics like rookeries, rare, endangered, or species of special concerns. In 1991 Pine Ridge Sanctuary became the first Forest Stewardship Property south of Lake Okeechobee. The restoration of our ecosystem had been so successful that the Florida Native Plant Society was awarded the “Overall Commercial and Residential winner of the Landscape Enhancement Award in 1989 - this would be the first time a property was awarded for both Residential and Commercial categories.Pine Rockland

In 1992 Hurricane Andrew devastated the mature dense canopy of 125+ year old stand of Pinus elliottii var. densa and the ensuing IPS wood boring beetle infestation killed all but one of the 3,500 pines. Our property was one of the beetle monitoring stations set up by Fairchild Tropical Gardens / Montgomery Foundation, The University of Florida -Gainesville, and DOF.

Since Hurricane Andrew, we have been reforesting and restoring the property (again). Prior to Andrew, the Pineland consisted of approximately 250 trees per acre; the ecosystem as of 2008 when the latest Forest Stewardship Management Plan was written now consists of approximately 48 trees per acre with a basal area of 15 ft² per acre.  We signed up for the WHIP program (USDA-NRCS) and US Fish & Wildlife - Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge Partnership Program to help with grants for planting pine tublings, purchase bird and bat houses mounted on steel artificial tree poles, digging and installing wildlife watering stations, and herbicide purchase and application for exotic pest plant removal. Andrew destroyed any trees capable of holding bird boxes, so we designed the bird pole “trees” based on 4” square steel with a portion holding 8 “branches” made out of 1” X 8” X 4’ hardwood Ipe wood that is raised with stainless steel wire rope and stainless blocks and hardware. The Ipe branches can hold various sizes and configurations of bird houses and gourds, bat houses and tubes, and owl houses. The bat houses and tubes have various different spacing, diameters, colors, and sand ballasts for the more common Mexican Free-tailed bats (Tadarida braziliensis) and the much larger endangered Wagner Bonneted bats (Eumops floridanus).

Pine tublings used in replanting specifically came from seed collected from Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park to specifically maintain the exact same genotype that evolved on our property and were planted in the solid oolitic limestone ground during several years after the IPS beetle populations crashed. Since 1994, 12 batches of pine Pine Rocklandtublings were planted in segregated islands throughout the property to maintain open areas and uneven aged pine stands. Initially, we tried using steel pick axes and Johnson digging bars to plant the tublings, but that resulted in less than 5% survival rate. Barb and I developed a method using a rotating hammer drill with a 2” concrete bit and incorporating water holding polymers in the media for planting. This methodology increased the survival to about 75%.

We were recertified in 2008 sixteen years after we entered the Forest Stewardship Registry.

In 1997, we won the Forest of the Year award for the entire State of Florida presented by the Forest Stewardship program sponsored by the Florida Division of Forestry, the Florida Game & Fresh Water Fish Commission, The Nature Conservancy, the USDA Soil Conservation Service, the University of FL – IFAS, the Florida Forestry Association, and the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. We are truly honored to be awarded the Statewide Award for the second time for 2012.

During the 3/2008 Pine Rockland Working Group Conference in Miami, the 5 objectives discussed for the maintenance of Pine Rocklands were: 1) Promote open and uneven aged ecosystem diversity; 2) Decrease hardwood understory; 3) Increase herbaceous density and diversity; 4) Promote heterogeneity of habitat; and 5) Protect integrity of organic and substrate media.

“In an area where miles and miles of native pineland stretched along the eastern coastal ridge less than fifty years ago, the Glancy’s Pine Ridge Sanctuary Rock Pineland is a reminder of what it must have looked like in southern Miami-Dade County. Unlike most of the remaining pine blocks chocked with an understory of solid impenetrable Brazilian pepper trees, the Glancy property has been managed back to a natural array of native plants which is aesthetically pleasing to have and preserve for the future. More importantly, it will be one of the few remaining parcels that are aesthetically correct as a true native remnant. Pine Rockland is aptly named as there is a very shallow soil layer and the exposed limestone bed of rocks is visible over a large percentage of the property. This feature makes the ever diminishing Rockland habitat type more unique and therefore of a higher aesthetic and scientific value than most of the remaining common Florida pine flatwoods.” 1

Pine RocklandPine Ridge Sanctuary had never been rock plowed because it is situated very far west in the County and it lies between two prominent finger sloughs. South Florida slash pine forests had been characterized by its canopy of Pinus elliotii var. densa with a very diverse shrub layer composed primarily of West Indian tropical hardwoods and several palm species (Coccothrinax argentata “Silver Palm”, Sabal palmetto “Sabal palm”, and Sabal repens “Saw palmetto”) along with a very diverse herbaceous layer. There are at least 26 plant species here endemic only to South Florida - 6 of these are listed on either the State or Federal Endangered Species Lists. The natural area supports a high floral richness of native vegetation which evolved on exposed oolitic limestone pinnacle rock. The soil type is referred to as Cardsound and Rock outcrop complex of the Krome Soil Series. Solution holes often exist on the surface caprock (the depth of which runs from 0" to 60" = 0 - 150 cm) and is generally about 38% exposed limestone. The water table is always within the limestone between 40" to 60" = 100 - 150 cm).

If the Pine Rockland ecosystem remains maintained with prescribed burns, it will be just as valuable aesthetically and scientifically to us as the Galapagos ecosystem is to the World - Pine Ridge Sanctuary is our Galapagos. That is the way we feel about our Pine Rockland.

Pine RocklandWe will always be in debt to the following Agencies for their past and ongoing support - Permitting, Environment, and Regulatory Affairs (PERA - formerly DERM), USDA/NRCS, Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, US Fish & Wildlife Service, the Forest Stewardship Program, the Institute For Regional Conservation (IRC), the Florid Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI), The Florida Native Plant Society, and especially the Florida Forest Service (FFS - formerly DOF) and all their burn crews.

“We must protect the forests for our children, grandchildren, and children yet to be born. We must protect the forests for those who can’t speak for themselves such as the birds, animals, fish, and trees.” (Qwatsinas - HereditaryChiefEdward Moody - Rain-in-the-Face - Nuxalk Nation - Sioux).

“Will you teach your children what we have taught our children? That the earth is our mother? What befalls the earth befalls all the sons of the earth. This we know: the earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth. All things are connected like the blood that unites us all. All things are connected. Man did not weave the web of life; he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself. One thing we know: our god is also your god. The earth is precious to him and to harm the earth is to heap contempt on its creator. (Chief Seattle -Squamish Tribe of the Pacific North-West - possibly paraphrased by Ted Perry).

1 - (Quotes taken from our 2008 Forest Stewardship Management Plan - FL Division of Forestry, FL Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission, USDA Natural Resources & Conservation Service, and the University of FL - Institute of Food & Agricultural Services).

Our property houses not only our home but also Pine Ridge Orchids, Inc.

rainbows

PINE RIDGE SANCTUARY - 2012 Florida Wildlife Habitat Management Landowner Of The Year Stewardship tour--- Pine Ridge Sanctuary, our globally endangered Pine Rockland ecosystem, has been awarded Forest Stewardship Landowner Of The Year by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FLFWCC), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), University of Florida - Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS), Tall timbers.ORG, US Forest Service - Department of Agriculture (USFS), Florida Department of Agriculture - Florida Forest Service (FFS), Wildlife Federation of Florida, and other partmers. I have attached a link to the property tour brochure. We will be on the cover and featured on their 2012 Florida Wildlife Habitat Management calendar. Pine Ridge Sanctuary also won this prestigious award in 1997.

2012 Stewardship tour intro 2012 Stewardship Of The Year tour

Chris Demers - US Forest Stewardship Coordinator

Chris Demers (US Forest Stewardship Coordinator - UF-IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation) introduces tour

Sarah Martin - Institute for Regional Conservation

Sarah Martin - Institute For Regional Conservation - presentation during 2012 Stewardship Award tour

 

Sarah Martin - Institute for Regional Conservation

Sarah Martin - Institute for Regional Conservation - presentation during 2012 Stewardship Award tour

 

Christine Coffin - NRCS

Christine Coffin - USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) - presentation explaing WHIP grant funding

 

 

Mark Torok - head of Forest Stewardship Program

Mark Torok - FL Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FL DOACS) - Cooperative Forestry Assistance (CFA) Senior Forester in charge of Forest Stewardship Program

Tim Joyner - EEL Program

Tim Joyner - head of regulatory Environmentally Endangered Lands (EEL) Program - Regulatory Environmental Resources Miami-Dade County

 

 

2012 Stewardship Award tour

Terry & Barbara talking to tour members

2012 Stewardship Award tour

Terry talking to tour members

 

2012 Stewardship Award tour

Barbara talking to tour members

 

I want to appologize for the quality of the 10 photos above - I was only given a Word document with the pictures and the resolution is pretty poor, but the photos give a good impression of the Tour. The tour took place on 1/21/2012- 2 months after our 9th prescribed burn that took place 11/29/2011 and 11/30/2011 - that explains all the scorch in the Pineland.

PINE RIDGE SANCTUARY - NOMINATION BY LAND ACQUISITION SELECTION COMMITTEE FOR EEL PURCHASE --- Pine Ridge Sanctuary, our globally endangered Pine Rockland ecosystem, has gone through the lengthy process of certification, inspections for determination of future maintenance requirements, and a tour of the property by the Land Acquisition Selection Committee (LASC) for the Environmentally Endangered Lands Program (EEL) in preparation for inclusion on the A-List for possible future acquisition by Miami-Dade County. In 1990, voters approved a 2 year property tax increase to fund the acquisition, protection, and maintenance of environmentally endangered lands. To date, the EEL Program and its partners have acquired over 18,350 acres of EELs into Public Ownership. The lands include 631 acres of Pine Rockland, 272 acres of Tropical Hardwood Hammock, 16,809 acres of Freshwater Wetlands, 620 acres of Coastal Wetlands, and 19 acres of Scrub Habitat. The LASC toured Pine Ridge Sanctuary and held a Public Meeting and approved our property to the Board of County Commissioners for purchase stating the Pine Ridge Sanctuary has the highest bio-diversity as any piece of the globally endangered Pine Rockland and is the benchmark standard that is used by the County for every other Pine Rockland comparison.

LASC tour

Land Acquisition Selection Committee tour of

Pine Ridge Sanctuary

Pine Ridge Sanctuary sunset

Pine Ridge Sanctuary

sunset

 

LASC tour

Land Acquisition Selection Committee tour of

Pine Ridge Sanctuary

LASC tour

Land Acquisition Selection Committee tour of

Pine Ridge Sanctuary

LASC public meeting

Land Acquisition Selection Committee Public Meeting discussing Pine Ridge Sanctuary

LASC public meeting

Land Acquisition Selection Committee Public Meeting discussing Pine Ridge Sanctuary

1 - (Quotes taken from our 2008 Forest Stewardship Management Plan - FL Div. of Forestry (DOF), FL Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC), USDA Natural Resources & Conservation Service (NRCS), and the University of FL - Institute of Food & Agricultural Services (IFAS),

To view additional photos of this globally endangered ecosystem along with photos of our most recent prescribed burns which occurred on 8/12/2005 and 12/5/2005, please click on the Photos link to the left.


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